World Trade Organization
The Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) was established in 1995. Since the Doha Ministerial Conference, in November 2001, work on trade and environment within the WTO has split into two separate tracks: the negotiating track, conducted in the CTE Special Session (CTESS), and the regular work of the CTE conducted in the CTE Regular Session.
The terms of reference of the CTE can be found in the Marrakesh Ministerial Decision on Trade and Environment of April 1994. The CTE’s mandate is twofold:
- “to identifiy the relationship between trade measures and environmental measures in order to promote sustainable development” and
- “to make appropriate recommendations on whether any modifications of the provisions of the multilateral trading system are required, compatible with the open, equitable and non-discriminatory nature of the system”.
Its work plan includes, inter alia, the relationship between Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) and the WTO, market access, eco-labelling, transparency, export of domestically prohibited goods, trade in services, intellectual property, and relations with NGOs and IGOs. The Doha Ministerial Declaration reaffirmed the commitment to sustainable development stated in the Preamble to the Marrakesh Agreement. Several paragraphs deal specifically with trade and the environment.
with UNEP, UNCTAD, and the secretariats of MEAs.
All CTE documents are available on the WTO website. Documents from the CTE Regular begin with the reference number WT/CTE/ ... and those from the CTESS with TN/TE/...